The U.S. median home listing price rose 7% year-over-year in March and reached $300,000 for the first time ever, according to realtor.com®'s March 2019 monthly housing trend report released today.

The erosion of affordability that impacts many high-cost markets will spread to additional moderate-cost markets in the new year.
Courtesy Adobe Stock

Although housing inventory continued to increase nationally, the pace slowed, as fewer new listings hit the market. Additionally, entry-level inventory scarcity continues; homes priced $200,000 or below decreased 9% year-over-year.

"The typical U.S. home list price has set a new high right on the cusp of the spring home buying season, and despite a slowing growth rate, home prices will likely continue to set new records later this year," said Danielle Hale, realtor.com®'s chief economist. "Heading into spring, U.S. prices are expected to continue to rise and inventory is expected to continue to increase, but at a slower pace than we've seen the last few months as fewer sellers want to contend with this year's more challenging conditions. A buyer's experience will vary notably depending on the market and price point they're targeting."

The U.S. housing market has seen years of increasing home prices and has already surpassed 2018's summer high of $299,000 as the spring home-buying season launches. The continued, albeit slowing, rise in the national median home price in the midst of a market slowdown is likely driven by inventory growth in the high-end of the market.

According to realtor.com®'s analysis, the inventory of for-sale homes priced above $750,000 increased 11% year-over-year, while the number of entry-level homes priced $200,000 or below declined 9% during the same period. Housing inventory continued to increase in March, but the rate of growth slowed compared to the last few months and this slower-growth trend could continue into April, especially if fewer new listings hit the market, according to Hale.

Approximately 56,000 additional homes were for sale in March compared to last year, amounting to a 4% increase year-over-year. This growth was primarily driven by the U.S.'s 50 largest markets, which grew by a more substantial 9% on average year-over-year. However, the number of newly listed properties hitting the market declined by 0.4% from last year, suggesting that while buyers may have more options to choose from, the share of fresh properties coming up for sale has not increased.

Of the U.S.'s 50 largest metros, those that saw the biggest inventory decreases were St. Louis, Washington, D.C., and Oklahoma City, where inventory declined by 19%, 14% and 11%, respectively. Metros where inventory continued to increase were primarily pricey, West Coast markets. The list was topped by San Jose, Calif.; Seattle, and San Francisco, growing by 114%, 77% and 44%, respectively.

Nationally, homes in the U.S. sold in an average of 65 days in March, two days slower than a year ago. Kansas City, Mo.; Hartford, Conn.; and Indianapolis, saw the largest increases in days on market with properties spending an average of 16, 12 and 12 more days on the market year-over-year, respectively. On the flip-side, properties in Pittsburgh, Birmingham, Ala., and Oklahoma City sold an average of 10, eight and five days more quickly, respectively.

Metros Seeing the Largest Gains in Inventory

Metro Active Listing
Count YoY
New Listing
Count YoY
Median
Listing Price
YoY
Share of
Price
Reduced Y-Y
Median Days
on Market Y-Y
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. 114% 4% -12% 8% 11
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash. 77% 11% 11% 6% 9
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, Calif. 44% 4% -3% 5% 7
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, Ore.-Wash. 34% 0% 0% 1% 7
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, Tenn. 28% 11% -2% 2% 6
San Diego-Carlsbad, Calif. 27% 0% 0% 1% 6
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas 25% 3% -3% 3% 5
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. 24% -1% 0% 3% 10
Boston-Cambridge-Newton, Mass.-N.H. 23% 3% 3% 3% 4
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Mich. 19% 2% 7% 2% 3
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas 17% 7% -3% 3% 5
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga. 17% 5% 2% 4% 2
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. 17% 2% 2% 3% 7
Jacksonville, Fla. 15% 1% -3% 3% 4
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. 14% 2% -1% 4% 2
Providence-Warwick, R.I.-Mass. 12% 8% 5% 1% 6
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Fla. 12% 4% -1% 0% 5
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev. 11% 13% 7% 16% 7
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, Calif. 11% -11% 3% 0% 9
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, N.C.-S.C. 10% 3% 0% 3% 3
New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. 9% 10% 7% 3% 3
Austin-Round Rock, Texas 8% 3% -2% 2% 1
San Antonio-New Braunfels, Texas 8% 7% 1% 5% -1
Richmond, Va. 8% 11% 6% 0% -1
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. 7% -4% 4% 0% 8
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. 7% -2% 1% 6% 3
Louisville/Jefferson County, Ky.-Ind. 7% 2% 6% 1% 4
Raleigh, N.C. 5% 0% 1% 3% 7
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, N.Y. 4% -3% 5% 1% 6
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. 3% -3% 2% 0% -1
Columbus, Ohio 3% -8% 7% 1% 3
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. 3% 1% 9% 1% -1
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, Conn. 2% -3% 0% -1% 12
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis. 2% -11% 2% 1% 6
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Md. -1% -1% 4% 2% 7
Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark. -1% -8% 13% 1% -4
Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio -2% 1% 8% 1% -4
Kansas City, Mo.-Kan. -2% -18% 13% 1% 16
Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind. -3% -3% 8% 0% -1
Pittsburgh, Pa. -5% 4% 3% 0% -10
Birmingham-Hoover, Ala. -5% 2% 13% 1% -8
New Orleans-Metairie, La. -6% -9% 5% -3% 2
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. -8% -1% 6% 2% -1
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wios. -8% -10% 16% -1% 1
Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, Ind. -9% -3% 13% 0% 12
Tucson, Ariz. -9% -17% 10% 3% 1
Rochester, N.Y. -10% -10% 14% 1% 2
Oklahoma City, Okla. -11% 32% 7% 4% -5
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. -14% -12% 1% 2% 8
St. Louis, Mo.-Ill. -19% -15% 7% 0% 5