Construction employment has improved in 42 states during the past 12 months, and 30 states and the District of Columbia added jobs on a month-over-month basis in December, according to an analysis of federal employment data by the Associated General Contractors of America (AGC).

“Construction employment growth was less widespread in December than in some recent months as home building slowed,” says AGC chief economist Ken Simonson.

According to the AGC, California, New York, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, and Florida added the most industry jobs in December. Louisiana, Arkansas, and Pennsylvania experienced the largest percentage gain in construction jobs during the month. Missouri, Washington, New Jersey, and Minnesota lost the most construction jobs from November to December, while North Dakota experienced the largest percentage decline in industry employment, according to the AGC.

For the full calendar year, California, Florida, Texas, New York, and Tennessee added the most construction industry jobs in 2022. Rhode Island and Nevada experienced the largest percentage increase in industry employment in 2022, according to the AGC, while New Jersey lost the largest number and percentage of construction jobs over the course of 2022.

The AGC says labor shortages in the construction industry remain a challenge for most firms and identified construction education and training programs as effective ways to attract workers to the sector.

“Investing in construction workforce development is one of the most effective ways to expand the middle class and create greater economic opportunity,” says AGC CEO Stephen Sandherr.