Immigrant population, state-by-state, from the Census Bureau

Maryland, New Jersey, and Virginia saw the biggest gains in the share of their population who are immigrants, says MarketWatch's Silvia Ascarelli. According to Census Bureau estimations, 13.3% of the U.S. population is made up of immigrants, and their share of the population will set a record in 2023 at 14.8%. The share of U.S. immigrants is expected to reach 18.8% by 2060. But, the impact of immigrants moving to the U.S. is more significant in some places than others. 

Among the states, the share of the population made up of immigrants—noncitizens plus naturalized citizens—ranges from just 1.37% in West Virginia to 27.09% in California, using Census Bureau data. The gains are most pronounced in Maryland, where the proportion of the population made up of foreign citizens and naturalized Americans has jumped 3.16 percentage points since 2005. New Jersey follows—and immigrants account for nearly 22% of its population, second only to California. The third biggest increase in the share of a state’s population that is immigrant is Virginia, considered a potential swing state in the 2016 presidential election.

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