Equality of Opportunity Project data on men whose childhood was in poverty-level neighborhoods.

A team of researchers led by Stanford economist Raj Chetty released a paper whose focus is how growing up in poverty creates unforeseen obstacles that impact childrens' future.

However, the differences aren't just seen between impoverished children and wealthy children. Fivethirtyeight staffers Ben Casselman and Andrew Flowers note that boys and girls who have grown up in poverty show different kinds of consequential effects in adulthood. Boys circumstances are a bit worse than girls who have grown up in the same conditions, in regards to employment and earnings.

"In the U.S., where you come from — where you grow up, how much your parents earn, whether your parents were married — plays a major role in determining where you will end up later in life," says Chetty.

"Also, children who grew up in poorer families are much less likely to work in adulthood than children from middle-class families. Only about 60 percent of children from the poorest families are working at age 30, compared with 80 percent of children from median-income families."

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