According to a survey of over 900 patent holders and award-winning scientists conducted by the Information Technology & Innovation Foundation, more than one-third of U.S. based innovators (scientists and engineers responsible for the advances that drive tech) were born outside of the U.S. Foreign-born people make up 13.5% of the population and the tech industry (where many innovators find a home) has become a defender of foreign workers in the U.S.
Why do these foreign born people make up a large portion of innovators? Simple, their skills are transferrable:
Part of the reason immigrants make up such a large portion of U.S. innovators compared with other industries is because science is so transferable from country to country, the studies’ authors say. While legal theory and even medical certificates vary from one country to the next, the practice of studying science remains substantially the same as people move across borders.