More than ten times as many Americans work in information technology positions now than did in 1970, according to the most recent U.S. Census Bureau report on Occupations in Information Technology. As of 2014 the number of tech workers is now 4.6 million, or 2.9% of the workforce – up from only 450,000 in 1970.
IT workers are on the whole younger than most of the labor force; 55% are aged 25 to 44, compared to 43% of workers across all fields, according to the report. They are also less likely to be female – only 25% of IT workers are women.
Male IT workers have received a 9% increase in their average pay between 1970 and 2014 (in 2014 dollars, adjusting for inflation), while men across all occupations have seen a 12% reduction in pay. Women’s salaries have grown by 23% across all occupations, including IT, but their median salary is $10,000 lower than a male IT worker’s.