Mcity, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, is a 32-acre patch of land that aims to recreate any possible city in the U.S. and features simulated city streets and intersections for the purpose of testing autonomous vehicles. New York Times staffer Neal E. Boudette reports on the Mcity testing site and the importance of these training sites. (subscription may be required.)

At Mcity, companies such as Ford, Toyota, and Nissan test their autonomous vehicles outside of the public eye because of the reputation damage that could occur if an error is seen. These sites take testing very seriously due to the myriad of challenges that could occur on the road:

“There are real and significant questions about the safety of new technologies,” Mark Rosekind, administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, said at an April 27 meeting in California. “The old model of counting vehicle miles and counting crashes and injuries is not sufficient.”

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