After the recession stalled production building, competition for home buyers’ limited dollars got tougher than ever. While some builders have rolled out a stock of similar plans that save money and time, others realized that producing single-family houses needn’t mean turning out cookie-cutter elevations, interiors, and floor plans. By providing what most appeals to buyers, standardized construction can edge closer to custom and maintain a moderate price tag. Two winners of the 2013 Gold Nugget Awards show how to reel ’em in on a reasonable budget.
From the 1950s to the 1970s, California developer Joseph Eichler built production homes with open plans and glass walls. Reviving mid-century style to lure homeowners into trading up as the economy improved made sense to Richard Douglass, division president of Ryland Homes. “When the mid-century style first came out, it was a time of America’s ascendancy and optimism,” says Douglass, who acknowledges that existing mid-century homes sell well. Because the style is simple and built on one level, Ryland knew it could be done relatively affordably.
Ryland hired architect Mike Woodley to tweak Eichler’s style. Woodley designed separate wings linked by courtyards oriented toward the center. Splurges include large glass windows and 9-foot to 11-foot tongue-and-grove ceilings in the post and beam style.
To contain costs, the flared plan became optional, not standard. Straight and flared plans have similarly sized bedrooms, bathrooms, and hallways to avoid reconfiguring. Synthetic materials that resemble the real McCoy help trim expenses, as did using local concrete.
Details That Seal the Deal
The plan offers post and beam–style ceilings using ready-milled materials. In the mid-century versions, the beams were part of the structure and there was no insulation, Woodley says. “Today, we’re using trusses with a small pitch where we can insert the insulation. The beams aren’t structural, so they don’t have to be as thick.”
The courtyard serves as both outdoor space and a natural barrier between public and secluded parts of the house, allowing for more privacy.
Keep getting homeowners to buy a house based on how it lives, rather than on square footage.
The Queen Anne style was popular from about 1870 to 1910 because it combined a mix of shapes, architectural details, textures, and colors that reflected Industrial Revolution affluence. The original East Coast version was inspiration for architect Vance Graham when Winchester Homes hired him to design period-style houses for a master planned community.
Hiring an outside architect who designs custom homes and understands authenticity took a bigger bite out of Winchester’s budget than if it had worked just with in-house staff. “We wanted to go back to a time when home building represented a craft,” says James C. Pohlhaus, Winchester’s product development head. “Higher costs were relative to the perceived value. We now customize 95 percent of homes.” For the Branford, Graham added a three-story turret as the façade’s focal point; it houses the entry and stair tower. Graham says builder skill was critical for this element. The stair turret, open from roof to basement, needed several scaffolding setups for framing and finishing. The splurge paid off: All 25 in the first phase sold out.
A rectangular footprint is more cost-efficient than a meandering one. So is including only the most-requested rooms and no secondary living spaces. “The key is fewer rooms that are larger and more detailed,” says Graham, who devoted the rear to a great room that features a sitting area with big glass doors and a kitchen/eating area. Period-style elements, such as the master bedroom’s ceiling millwork, were off-the-shelf.
Details That Seal the Deal
Top on many homeowners’ wish lists is plentiful storage. Rooms in this plan are loaded with optional cabinetry—a second coat closet, butler’s pantry, mudroom, and kitchen cabinets. “Even we were shocked at the amount we put in,” Graham says.
For Graham, it was the builder approving the turret—an uncommon element in production design. “When I sent in the original plan, I crossed my fingers they’d love it,” he says. Winchester did, says Pohlhaus. “We saw its power to excite buyers, especially on a corner lot. Originally, we thought we’d use it only on the model, but it became one of our most popular elevations. Then, we struggled to avoid doing two or three in a row.”
Pohlhaus advises builders to view an architect as partner—part artist to imagine beyond the usual and part engineer to offer efficiencies. Graham stresses the importance of special features such as a large master bathroom with big shower, his and hers vanities, and a water closet.
Get banks to appraise houses based on all features like special millwork, and not just square footage.