The Fannie Mae Home Purchase Sentiment Index® (HPSI) decreased 2.2 points to 82.8 in September, moving further off of survey highs. Consumer caution surfaced in the September HPSI, in which four of the six components decreased during the month. Overall, the HPSI is down 1.0 point since this time last year.

The largest decrease was seen in the net share of consumers who expect mortgage interest rates to go down over the next 12 months, which fell 6 percentage points. This was followed by a 5 percentage point drop in the net share of consumers who say now is a good time to buy a home and a 3 percentage point drop in the net share of consumers reporting confidence about not losing their job over the next year. Household Income was the only HPSI component to increase in September with slightly more consumers than the previous month reporting that their household income is significantly higher than it was 12 months ago.

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For an interactive version of this chart, visit this page.

"The decline in the HPSI over the past two months from the survey-high in July of 86.5 adds a note of caution to our moderately positive housing outlook," said Doug Duncan, senior vice president and chief economist at Fannie Mae. "Downside changes came in particular from the HPSI components mortgage rate direction and good time to buy a house. In addition, the starter home tight supply and rising home prices as well as the unsettled political environment are likely giving many consumers a reason to pause or question their home purchase sentiment."

Breaking from the increasing trend of the last few months, the net share of Americans who say it is a good time to buy a house fell by 5 percentage points to 29% to match a previous all-time low reached in May.

  • The net percentage of those who say it is a good time to sell a house remained at 15% in September.
  • The net share of Americans who say that home prices will go up fell 1 percentage point from last month to 34%.
  • The net share of those who say mortgage rates will go down over the next twelve months fell 6 percentage points to negative 44%.
  • The net share of Americans who say they are not concerned with losing their job fell 3 percentage points to 70%.
  • The net share of Americans who say their household income is significantly higher than it was 12 months ago rose 2 percentage points to 12%.

The Home Purchase Sentiment Index (HPSI) distills information from Fannie Mae's National Housing Survey® (NHS) into a single number. The HPSI reflects consumers' current views and forward-looking expectations of housing market conditions and complements existing data sources to inform housing-related analysis and decision making.